Sponsored by Missouri Western State University Sponsored by a grant from the National Science Foundation DUE-97-51113
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The proper APA Style reference for this manuscript is:
Hays, S., Landrum, B., Lehman, R., Morrison, J., & Warnke, T. (2009). Effects of Prime Sex, Prime Plural, and Prime Age on Reaction Times. National Undergraduate Research Clearinghouse, 12. Available online at http://www.webclearinghouse.net/volume/. Retrieved September 28, 2023 .

Effects of Prime Sex, Prime Plural, and Prime Age on Reaction Times
Department of Psychology Missouri Western State University

Sponsored by: Brian Cronk (cronk@missouriwestern.edu)

This study measured the effects of primes representing different sexes (male, female, neutral), ages (adult, child), and plurality (singular, plural), on reaction times for targets from the Bem (1974) Sex Role Inventory. All were involved in significant main effects or two-way interactions. Three and four way interactions were not significant. Plurals may invoke stronger stereotypes than the singular alternatives and may not, in fact, be more neutral as Gastil (1990) suggests. Other findings suggest that we stereotype female nouns, but may perceive male and neutral nouns similarly.


Submitted 03/27/2009
Accepted 03/27/2009

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