The Effects Self-esteem Has on Drinking
|The proper APA Style reference for this manuscript is:|
-NONE- (2001). The Effects Self-esteem Has on Drinking. National Undergraduate Research Clearinghouse, 4. Available online at http://www.webclearinghouse.net/volume/. Retrieved January 21, 2020
CAROL L. HUSEMAN
Missouri Western State University PSYCHOLOGY
Sponsored by: Brian Cronk (firstname.lastname@example.org)
|AbstractThe purpose of this study is to decipher if there really is a link between different personalities and the effects, if any, that it has on drinking. The methods included a survey that was conducted by the researcher, and given out to two different Psychology 101 classes. These surveys consisted of a self-esteem personality test, and drinking habit questions. Each student was informed of the risks, of completing this survey. The risk was minimal. No student was forced to take this survey. The data was collected, and were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA. Each drinking habit question was compared directly to the self-esteem survey. It was found that there were three particular questions that were of some significance to this study. |
INTRODUCTIONIntroduction Everyone has a personality, even though sometimes it seems as if some people do not have one. A person`s personality shapes not only that person, but the people around them as well (Stewart, & Devine). How a person acts and responds to others has a direct impact on everyone. Some people can be very influential, while others just go along for the sense of belonging. There are several different types of personalities, and each one of them is unique and special to the individual. The self-esteem test is a good paper and pencil measure of one`s personality. It consists of 30 questions regarding one`s self-esteem. It is very clear and very concise. College students like to drink for several reasons. They drink because it is fun, to escape the problems that they are having, to escape depression, to feel better about them, and because of peer pressure (Hill, Shen, Lowres, & Locke). Drinking can be fun and dangerous. Students seem to overlook the dangerous part. They only want to see the fun side of drinking. They do not realize that for every drink they take in a certain time period can be considered binge drinking (Johnson, Hamilton, & Sheets). Binge drinking is hazardous to one`s health, and could ultimately set the student up for some bigger problems later on in life, such as liver damage and brain cell deterioration. College student drinking and personality types seem to intertwine together. A student`s personality could affect whether or not they decide to pick up a drink. Do shy people tend to drink more than outgoing people? Do certain personality types drink more than others do? The purpose of this study is to decipher if there is a link between different personalities and the effects, if any, that it has on drinking.
Participants This study consisted of several Missouri Western State College Psychology 101 classes participating in not only the paper and pencil personality scale, but also, the scale that was designed by the researcher. All subjects who participated were treated with compliance according to APA ethics codes.
MATERIALSMaterials In this study, there was a paper and pencil self-esteem personality test, to be taken by the students, and also, there was a scale in which the researcher designed on drinking habits. Each subject participating in the study was asked to complete these two surveys to the best of his or her abilities.
PROCEDUREProcedure One student researcher went to several Missouri Western State College Psychology 101 classes that were contingent upon the approval of the professor beforehand. There, she gave out her survey for the students in the class to complete. Each class had a variety of age ranges, and is not all gender specific. These classes are representative of a good sample population. All of the necessary materials were provided to each participant. Specific instructions, guidelines, and details of the survey were given to each participant. Once the survey was completed, the student researcher took the information that was received, and entered it into the computer for an analysis of the data.
RESULTSResults I found that one`s self-esteem does not have a direct influence on drinking, but some of the results were found to be significant. Most of the results, however, were correlational. Each question that was designed by the researcher on drinking was compared directly to the self-esteem inventory taken by the students. The question pertaining to that of "drinking to make one`s problems disappear" was found to be significant in relation to that of one`s self-esteem. The one-way ANOVA test was used to analyze the data, using the F-value statistic, as follows. F (3,33)=5.823, p <. 01. The significance was .003. "I drink because I want to go along with the group" does not show a significant level. F (3,33)=1.105, p <. 01. The significance level of this question relating to the self-esteem was .361, which is greater than .01, and therefore not significant. The question "I drink because I am upset or depressed" was one that was found to be significant at the .05 levels. F (4,32)=4.809, p <. 05. The significance of this question was .004. "I drink three time a week or more" does not show a significance level relating to self-esteem. F (4,32)=1.897, p <. 01. The significance level of this question was .135. The question "I drink to an excess (I have more than two drinks in an hour)" was not found to be significant. F (4,32)=. 823, p <. 01. The significance level of this question was .521. "I prefer to drink hard liquor" again was not found to be significant in relation to one`s self-esteem. F (4,32)=. 932, p <. 01. The significance level of this question was .458. The question "I drink to get drunk" was also not found to be significant. F (4,32)=. 738, p <. 01. The significance value of this question was .573. "I drink to feel better about myself" was found to be close to the .05 significance level. It was found to be a non-significant trend. F (2,34)=3.112, p <. 05. The significance level for this question in relation to the student`s self-esteem was .057. The question that states, "I prefer to drink beer" was not found to be statistically significant. F (4,32)=. 894, p <. 01. The significance level for this question was .479. "I like myself better when I am drinking, or when I am drunk" again was not found to be statistically significant at the .01 level. F (3,33)=2.211, p <. 01. The significance level of this question was .105. The question that stated "I do not drink at all" was again not found to be statistically significant. F (4,32)=. 381, p <. 01. The significance level of this question was .821.
DISCUSSIONDiscussion My original hypothesis stated self-esteem has an impact on one`s drinking habits. I found this to be true in only three of my eleven questions relating to one`s drinking habits. The question that stated, "I drink to make my problems disappear" "I drink because I am upset or depressed" "I like myself better when I am drinking, or when I am drunk" were the ones that were found to be significant. The literature gave examples of why college students drank, but no real statistical values to coincide with these findings were shown. Students like to drink for the fun and excitement of it, but the possible dangers of motivation for drinking are never really explored. My research explored these reasons, and I found some significance in my data relating to the dangers of drinking among college students. Limitations to my data collection could have impaired the results of my data. The students who were underage could have answered the questions falsely so that if their identity were discovered, they would not get into trouble. Students taking this survey may not have been honest on the self-esteem inventory, and I may have entered the data into the computer incorrectly. All of these factors could have easily affected the results of this study. For future research, I hope that a more in-depth study can be done on this topic. It would be interesting to see just how much the self-esteem has an effect on one`s drinking habits. Why one drinks and how often one drinks would be an interesting comparison to the personality and self-esteem factor among college students.
REFERENCESReferences Hill, S.Y., Shen, S., Lowres, L., & Locke, J. Factors predicting the onset of adolescent drinking in families at high risk for developing alcoholism. Biological Psychiatry, 48, 265-275. Johnson, T.J., Hamilton, S., & Sheets, V.L. College students self reported reasons for playing drinking games. Addictive Behaviors, 24, 279-286. Stewart, S.H., & Devine, H. Relations between personality and drinking motives in young people. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 495-511.
Submitted 5/1/01 2:24:41 PM
Last Edited 5/1/01 2:50:21 PM
Converted to New Site 03/09/2009